1. It is not a crime to refuse to answer questions. However, refusing to answer can make the police suspicious about you. You can't be arrested for merely refusing to identify yourself on the street. However, please be advised that if the police are acting on a tip or what is referred to as exigent circumstances you may be detained for the purpose of determining whether or not you fit the description of any individuals that the police are looking for. Remember that in this situation, anything you say can and will be used against you.

  2. Police may "pat down" your clothing if they suspect a concealed weapon is on your person. Please remember not to physically resist, but be clear that you do not consent to any further search and verbalize your lack of consent to the police officers. If you are within ears length of any other people, be sure to state your non-consent unequivocally and in a loud enough manner that it can be heard by those around you or in the near vicinity.

  3. Ask if you are under arrest. If you are, you have a right to know why. In such situations where you believe you are under arrest, but the officer has not specifically stated so, simply ask the officer, "am I free to leave?" If the officer states you are not free to leave then you are under arrest.

  4. Do not bad mouth the police officer or run away even if you believe what is happening is unreasonable. If you attempt to run away or begin to bad mouth the police officer, this could lead to your arrest.